As per the worldwide data, India had approximately 77 million patients with diabetes in 2019, second highest after China which had around 116 million patients.
By the year 2030, this number is projected to cross 100 million mark in India.
Types of Diabetes
Diagnostic Criteria for Diabetes and Prediabetes
|FPG||< 110 mg/dl||110-125 mg/dl (IFG)||≥126 mg/dl|
|2-h PG||<140 mg/dl||140-199 mg/dl (IGT)||≥ 200 mg/dl|
|Random plasma glucose*||≥ 200 mg/dl (with symptoms of diabetes)|
|* Individuals with random plasma glucose between 140-199mg/dl are recommended to undergo OGTT|
|FPG – Fasting Plasma Glucose
2-h PG – 2-hour post Glucose load test (oral glucose tolerance test) plasma glucose
|HbA1c – Glycosylated Haemoglobin
IFG – Impaired Fasting Glucose
IGT – Impaired Glucose tolerance
|Source: ICMR Guidelines for Management of Type 2 Diabetes 2018|
Age, genetics and family history of diabetes can increase the likelihood of development of diabetes and cannot be changed.
But some behaviors like unhealthy diet and physical inactivity can be changed and thus prevent the development of diabetes.
One in two individuals do not even know that they have diabetes as it is not always associated with symptoms or the symptoms are very subtle to get noticed.
Diabetes can lead to various complications in many parts of the body and increases the risk of premature death. It also affects the quality of life remarkably.
The incidence and severity of complications largely depends upon the duration of diabetes and long-term control of sugars.
Diet therapy, exercise and lifestyle modification are the first line of treatment options for newly detected as well as advanced cases of diabetes as per all the guidelines world over.
Diabetes cannot be cured but definitely be controlled with proper diet and appropriate use of medicines if required.
Diet therapy reduces the dose of medicines required or sometimes even delays the need to start medicines in newly detected mild cases.
- Complete body composition analysis
- Assessment of risk factors
- Customized diet plans
- Patient counselling
- Patient education
- Long term compliance
- Glucosensor based painless sugar monitoring (optional)
Glucosensor is a small coin sized device which is applied over the arm and it monitors the interstitial fluid sugars every 15 minutes for 14 days. The process of application is completely painless and takes less than a half a minute!
Here is an example of our actual case whose average sugars were remaining above 280 mg/dl inspite of being on diabetes medicines.
The patient’s sugars started improving within 3 days of healthy diet planning where the patient was taught how to eat right rather than starving herself.
By the end of 14 days, the sugars were well within the target range with reduction in dosage of diabetes medicines by 25%.
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